Press Section
Successfully orbited MAYAK satellite didn't manage to unfold its sun reflector pyramid.

On the 14th July we launched MAYAK, the first crowdfunded satellite in Russia's history, from Baikonur. MAYAK was constructed by young engineers and enthusiasts.

After calculating flight's route of all satellites, launched by Soyuz-2.1a, we made the conclusion that MAYAK is supposed to fail in unfolding of the reflector into working position.

However the main goal of the project was to make space science popular. And this goal is completed totally. We proved that the space has become closer to people, and the team of enthusiasts can launch real spacecraft. Although we didn't fulfil all the scientific goals from the first time, we launched MAYAK, the satellite supported by both scientific society and enthusiasts.

The satellite MAYAK has become the first crowdfunded satellite in Russia. We are grateful to all those who believe in MAYAK and support it. We would like to thank everyone who contributed and supported us at Boomstarter. Also we would never manage to launch the satellite without Roskosmos' specialists support. With their help the satellite was successfully delivered to the orbit by the launch vehicle. Roskosmos provided for free the placement at the Souyuz- 2.1a within the program of support and development of Russian universities. We deeply thankful for Glavkosmos who partnered with German company ECM Space Technologies GmbH to prepare and adopt the integration of satellites made by universities, as well as provide us with the launch container for free.

We promise to take into account the errors not to repeat them at our next projects. We will keep our efforts in giving the opportunity to every person to light the star in science and cosmonautics.

Alexander Panov
head of promotion service of "MAYAK"
We didn't manage to light the brightest star at the sky, but we has proved that space is much closer than it seems. We gathered the first class team, who will surprise you with new projects and ideas. We will not give up on the first failure.
The first crowdfunded satellite Mayak was launched from Baikonur spaceport on the 14th
of July, 2017


Russian enthusiastic engineers launched satellite Mayak, constructed at the facilities of Moscow Polytechnic Museum. The satellite was launched from Baikonur by launch vehicle "Soyuz- 2.1a"..
The main objective of the project is to make cosmonautics and space research poplar in Russia, as well as to make scientific and technical researches attractive to youth.
Scientific goals of the research:
1. Test of the aerodynamic braking device in real-time flight. After the test this type of brake can be used for de-orbiting of space junk.
2. Get new information about air density at high altitude while checking the flight of the satellite at the uppermost layers of the atmosphere.
3. «Mayak» will be used as a reference object for the calculation of apparent magnitudes of space objects.
After the launch and orbiting Mayak unfolded sun reflector. The reflector consists of three meters high regular pyramid made from reflective metallized membrane. The membrane's thickness is only 5 micrometers. While orbiting the reflector was packed into the satellite and has unfolded into predetermined form only after orbiting.

Due to reflecting aerodynamic brake in the form of pyramid the satellite can be used as a reference object for the checking of apparent magnitudes calculation of space objects.

This type of construction of the satellite increases resistance during the flight at the upper atmosphere (it's used as a parachute). Thus this construction increases the speed of decent from orbit and makes space junk to decent from the orbit faster by an order of magnitude.
Alexander Shaenko
Head of science:
We equipped Mayak with the technology of aerodynamic brake. It helps to deorbit satellite easier and faster.
«Every year hundreds or even thousands of small space crafts are launched into space. Therefore in modern space science the problem of space junk utilization is an issue. The standard way to solve it is to equip space crafts with an engine. This way, while termination of usage period the space crafts will be deorbited and burnt into the atmosphere. This solution is expensive due the cost of engine production. Also when the period of usage comes to an end the engine can be out of service and the space craft can be left on orbit as a space junk. We equipped Mayak with the technology of aerodynamic brake. It helps to deorbit satellite easier and faster. For example deorbiting of Mayak (or another satellite with the same size and weight) could last about three years, while with the brake Mayak will deorbit in a month».
Mayak was crowdfunded at Boomstarter platform and sponsored by Rocketbank.
Mayak will stay on orbit for one month. After termination of term of use it will be deorbited and burnt in the atmosphere.
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